Flip-J: development of the system for flipped jigsaw supported language learning

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© 2016 Masanori Yamada, Yoshiko Goda, Kojiro Hata, Hideya Matsukawa, Seisuke Yasunami.


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Abstract

This study aims to develop and evaluate a language learning system supported by the ‘flipped jigsaw’ technique, called ‘Flip-J’. This system mainly consists of three functions: (1) the creation of a learning material database, (2) allocation of learning materials, and (3) formation of an expert and jigsaw group. Flip-J was developed as the plugin of the learning management system Moodle, and the formative evaluation for its improvement was conducted in a language learning class. Learners were required to answer an open-ended questionnaire on the usability of Flip-J after three weeks of flipped jigsaw classes, and the instructor was interviewed by the researcher. The results highlighted several areas for improvement, such as ‘unfriendly interface of discussion plugin’ and ‘translation function’, which will be incorporated in forthcoming classes. The instructor pointed out issues such as the learners seemed to face difficulties in using the discussion plugin and role management in Flip-J.

Keywords: flipped learning, jigsaw method, open educational resources, instructional design.

References

Aronson, E., & Patnoe, S. (2011). Cooperation in the classroom: the jigsaw method (3rd ed.). London, UK: Pinter & Martin Ltd.

Engin, M. (2014). Extending the flipped classroom model: developing second language writing skills through student-created digital videos. Journal of Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 14(5), 12-26. https://doi.org/10.14434/josotlv14i5.12829

Fraga, L. M., & Harmon, J. (2015). The flipped classroom model of learning in higher education: an investigation of preservice teachers’ perspectives and achievement. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 31(1), 18-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/21532974.2014.967420

Goda, Y., Yamada, M., Matsukawa, H., Hata, K., & Yasunami, S. (2015). Practical report on flipped jigsaw collaborative learning of English as a foreign language. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computers in Education (pp. 591-595).

Sams, A., & Bergmann, J. (2013). Flip your students’ learning. Educational Leadership, 70(6), 16-20.

Yamada, M., & Goda, Y. (2012). Application of social presence principles to CSCL design for quality interactions. Educational stages and interactive learning: From kindergarten to workplace training (pp. 31-48). https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-0137-6.ch003

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Yamada, Masanori; Goda, Yoshiko; Hata, Kojiro; Matsukawa, Hideya; Yasunami, Seisuke. (2016). Flip-J: development of the system for flipped jigsaw supported language learning. In Salomi Papadima-Sophocleous, Linda Bradley, Sylvie Thouësny (Eds), CALL communities and culture – short papers from EUROCALL 2016 (pp. 490-495). Research-publishing.net. https://doi.org/10.14705/rpnet.2016.eurocall2016.612

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