Corrective Feedback and Noticing in Text-Based Second Language Interaction

Written by
Language: English

© 2012


This paper discusses the concept of 'noticing' (Schmidt, 1990; cf. Smith, 2010) in relation to text-based second language interaction (instant messaging). Data has been collected at an upper secondary school, where students of English as a foreign language interact with the researcher, providing feedback on language and content. In addition to chat logs and screen recordings, data from keystroke logging and eye tracking have also been collected, enabling analysis of both verbalized and non-verbalized signs of noticing (cf. O'Rourke, 2008; Smith, 2010). The focus of this paper is on how signs of noticing can be defined in this context, and preliminary results concerning the relationship between noticing and different types of corrective feedback are presented.

Keywords: SCMC, noticing, eye tracking, keystroke logging, corrective feedback, repair.


Hyönä, J., Lorch, R. F., & Rinck, M. (2003). Eye Movement Measures to Study Global Text Processing. In R. Radach, J. Hyönä, & H. Deubel (Eds.), The Mind’s Eye. Cognitive and Applied Aspects of Eye Movement Research (pp. 313-334). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Markee, N. (2000). Conversation Analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

O’Rourke, B. (2008). The Other C in CMC: What Alternative Data Sources Can Tell Us About Text-Based Synchronous Computer Mediated Communication and Language Learning. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 21(3), 227-251. doi: 10.1080/09588220802090253

Schmidt, R. (1990). The Role of Consciousness in Second Language Learning. Applied Linguistics, 11(2), 129-158. doi: 10.1093/applin/11.2.129

Seedhouse, P. (2004). The Interactional Architecture of the Language Classroom: A Conversation Analysis Perspective. Malden, MA & Oxford: Blackwell.

Smith, B. (2010). Employing Eye-Tracking Technology in Researching the Effectiveness of Recasts in CMC. In F. M. Hult (Ed.), Directions and Prospects for Educational Linguistics (pp. 79-97). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-9136-9_6

How to cite

Citation is provided in standard text format below. For full citation export options, click Export citation.

Örnberg Berglund, Therese. (2012). Corrective Feedback and Noticing in Text-Based Second Language Interaction. In Linda Bradley, Sylvie Thouësny (Eds), CALL: Using, Learning, Knowing, EUROCALL Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 22-25 August 2012, Proceedings (pp. 234-239).

Request permissions

This article is published under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives International 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Under this licence, the contents are freely available online (as PDF files) for anybody to read, download, copy, and redistribute provided that the AUTHOR(s), EDITORIAL TEAM and PUBLISHER are properly cited. Commercial use and derivative works are, however, not permitted.

Permission is not required for the republication of tables, figures or illustrations, as long as they are reproduced accurately and the source material is fully cited. It may be the case that the licence does not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. If this is your current situation, please do feel free to ask at